"Bottom line being, though, that we need to ensure that our products taste good, because our accountability is also to our shareholders. And there's no way we could start down-formulating the usage of salt, sugar, fat if the end result is going to be something that people do not want to eat."
Employing scientists to dissect elements of the palate and tweak ratios of salt, sugar and fat to optimize taste, the processed food industry, Moss says, has hooked consumers on their products the same way the cigarette industry hooked smokers on nicotine.
Since that meeting in 1999, when executives declined to craft an industrywide standard for more healthful products, some companies, like Kraft, have tackled the issue unilaterally, altering recipes to cut down on salt, sugar and fat. Moss' research, however, indicates that government regulation may be necessary to implement industrywide standards in the interest of public health.
"As Philip Morris came under pressure for nicotine and cigarettes, it eventually started looking at the food divisions in light of the emerging obesity crisis. And there were moments in these internal documents where Philip Morris officials were saying to the food division, 'You guys are going to face a problem with salt, sugar, fat in terms of obesity of the same magnitude, if not more than [what] we're facing with nicotine right now. And you've got to start thinking about this issue and how you're going to deal with that.' "
Department of Energy scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory analyzed high-resolution global and regional near-surface wind speed model results to find out how large the unresolved variability is in model grid cells that are about 200 km in size. Using these results, they developed a computationally efficient method to estimate the magnitude of sub-grid (smaller than 200 km) wind variability caused by different physical mechanisms, and to take into account such variability when calculating sea salt and dust emissions in the Community Atmosphere Model version 5 (CAM5). They found that the impact of sub-grid wind variability on sea salt emission is negligible. In contrast. small-scale air motions associated with localized surface heating or complex topography can cause substantial increases in dust emissions. When these effects are accounted for, the model will either predict a 50% increase in the global and annual mean dust emissions, or predict the same total amount but with more contributions from weaker wind events and fewer contributions from stronger wind events, all depending on how other uncertain parameters in the model are adjusted. The new method of representing wind variability provides the basis for future work on further improving the realism of the simulated, wind-driven aerosol emissions.
A. No person shall advertise in or send any advertisingmaterial into the Commonwealth regarding marijuana, marijuana products, or anysubstance containing a synthetic tetrahydrocannabinol or synthetic derivativeof tetrahydrocannabinol other than those that may be legally sold in theCommonwealth under this subtitle or Article 4.2 (54.1-3442.5 et seq.) of theDrug Control Act. Advertisements regarding marijuana, marijuana products, orany substance containing a synthetic tetrahydrocannabinol or syntheticderivative of tetrahydrocannabinol shall comply with the provisions of thissubtitle and Board regulations.
C. For violations of 4.1-1405 relating to distance andzoning restrictions on outdoor advertising, the Board shall give the advertiserwritten notice to take corrective action to either bring the advertisement intocompliance with this subtitle and Board regulations or to remove suchadvertisement. If corrective action is not taken within 30 days, the advertiseris guilty of a Class 4 misdemeanor.
"Tetrahydrocannabinol" means any naturallyoccurring or synthetic tetrahydrocannabinol, including its salts, isomers, andsalts of isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers, and salts ofisomers is possible within the specific chemical designation and anypreparation, mixture, or substance containing, or mixed or infused with, anydetectable amount of tetrahydrocannabinol. For the purposes of this definition,"isomer" means the optical, position, and geometric isomers.
A. No person shall advertise in or send any advertisingmaterial into the Commonwealth regarding marijuana, marijuana products, or anysubstance containing a synthetic tetrahydrocannabinol or synthetic derivativeof tetrahydrocannabinol other than those that may be legally sold in theCommonwealth under this subtitle or Article 4.2 (54.1-3442.5 et seq.) of theDrug Control Act.
1. Comply with the provisions of this subtitle, Boardregulations, Chapter 12 (33.2-1200 et seq.) of Title 33.2 and regulationsadopted pursuant thereto by the Commonwealth Transportation Board, and federallaws and regulations;
G. All lawfully erected outdoor signs regarding marijuana,marijuana products, or any substance containing a synthetictetrahydrocannabinol or synthetic derivative of tetrahydrocannabinol shallcomply with the provisions of this subtitle, Board regulations, and Chapter 12(33.2-1200 et seq.) of Title 33.2 and regulations adopted pursuant thereto bythe Commonwealth Transportation Board. Further, any outdoor directional signregarding marijuana, marijuana products, or any substance containing asynthetic tetrahydrocannabinol or synthetic derivative of tetrahydrocannabinolthat is located or to be located on highway rights of way shall also be governedby and comply with the Integrated Directional Sign Program administered by theVirginia Department of Transportation or its agents.
A"fresh ham" is an unsmoked pork hind leg, chef Frank Stitt writes in "Frank Stitt's Southern Table." This recipe for roast fresh pork is among the cookbook's recipes and "gracious traditions," as the subtitle has it, from his Highland Bar and Grill. It's a dish that could well take pride of place at any festive dinner.
Combine water, salt, sugar, garlic, juniper, thyme, bay leaves, parsley, chile peppers, black pepper and thyme in a large pot and bring to a simmer, stirring until the salt and sugar are dissolved, then transfer to a deep pot. Place in the refrigerator to cool thoroughly before using.
Meanwhile, trim the spring onions, then cut them, stems still attached, into 4 to 6 wedges each. Place the onions in the saute pan and add a pinch of salt and pepper, the remaining 1 tablespoon butter, and 2 tablespoons water. Bring to a simmer over high heat and cook until glazed, 5 to 7 minutes.
Rub the bottom and sides of a 10-inch gratin dish with the garlic. Scatter the cooked sliced onions and bacon on the bottom and season with salt and pepper. Top with a layer of the spring onion wedges. Scatter the grated cheeses evenly over the onions, then sprinkle the bread crumbs over the top. Pour the cream in along the edges of the gratin and dot the top with a little extra butter, if desired.
In this virtual talk, Weiler will examine the history and necessity of salt, along with the design and use of its colorful containers. The presentation will cover the story of salt, salt bag features and their connection to tribal life in the region. The various tribes and cultures are shown, together with a selection of their salt bags. 041b061a72